Types of mycotoxins


2020-03-29 15:31 Topic Types of Mycotoxins. Mycotoxins are the toxic composition of molds that generally grow in the home, they can be quite dangerous at times. Health risks imparted by mycotoxins include respiratory infections, headaches, chronic fatigue and in extreme cases, even death.

The key mycotoxins produced by these moulds are aflatoxins, ochratoxins, deoxynivalenol (DON, vomitoxin), T2 toxin, zearalone, fumoninsins and ergot toxins. Fusariums are the most predominant moulds contaminating crops in the field. Fusarium moulds can produce mycotoxins on the growing plant. types of mycotoxins The mycotoxins are produced by more than 100 mold species, mainly by Aspergillus, Penicillium and Fusarium. According to World Health Organisation (WHO), 1969, the mycotoxins associated with human diseases are of four types. These are aflatoxins, ochratoxins, zearalenone, and trichothecenes.

How can the answer be improved? types of mycotoxins

Types of Mycotoxins Aflatoxins (produced by Aspergillus) includes Aflatoxin B1, B2, G1, G2, M1 and M2. Ochratoxin includes Ochratoxin A, B, and C. Trichothecene (produced by Stachybotrys) includes SatratoxinH, Vomitoxin and T2 mycotoxins. Fumonisins includes Fumonisin B1 and B2. Dec 18, 2017 Mycotoxins are toxic compounds produced by different types of fungus, belonging mainly to the Aspergillus, Penicillium and Fusarium genera. Under favourable environmental conditions, when temperature and moisture are conducive, these fungi proliferate and may produce mycotoxins. The umbrella term aflatoxin refers to four different types of mycotoxins produced, which are B1, B2, G1, and G2. Aflatoxin B1, the most toxic, is a potent carcinogen and has been directly correlated to adverse health effects, such as liver cancer, in many animal species. types of mycotoxins Types of Mycotoxins. Unfortunately, mycotoxins can also be incredibly toxic to humans causing a variety of responses including coldflulike symptoms, sore throats, headaches, nose bleeds, fatigue, diarrhea, dermatitis, and immune suppression. Some mycotoxins may also be carcinogenic and teratogenic. Other mycotoxins: There are also many other types of mycotoxins that do not fall under the above mentioned categories. These smaller mycotoxins, found in different types of feed grains, include patulin and citrinin for example. Conditions that favour production of one type of mycotoxins may not be favourable for production of another type. For example, aflatoxin production by Aspergillus is dependent on concentrations of O 2, CO 2, zinc, and copper, as well as physical location, Types of mycotoxins. Swine are particularly susceptible to mycotoxicosis. Mycotoxicosis is the intoxication that results from the consumption of grains or feeds contaminated with mycotoxins. The degree of mycotoxicosis depends on mycotoxin type and concentration present in the feed and the category of swine consuming the diet.


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